Haba means "golden flower" in the Naxi language. Shortly after dawn, the sun shines on the silver tripod on the snow mountain. The top of the Silver Hill suddenly becomes golden, such as a huge blooming golden flower, so it is called "golden flower". Haba Snow Mountain Nature Reserve is located in the southeast of Shangri-La County, Diqing Prefecture, Yunnan Province, 120 kilometers away from Zhongdian County, with a total area of 21,908 hectares. Haba Snow Mountain Nature Reserve is a cold temperate coniferous forest type nature reserve established to protect the natural landscape of vertical distribution of alpine forests and Yunnan snub monkeys, wild donkeys and rhesus monkeys.
The main peak of Haba Snow Mountain is 5396 meters above sea level. The lowest elevation is the administrative village along the river. It is only 1550 meters, with an elevation difference of 3846 meters. Great altitude differences have resulted in a distinct vertical climate in the mountains, which in turn distributes in subtropical, temperate, cold and temperate zones, and is almost a microcosm of the climate in Northwest Yunnan. The temperature difference between the foot of the mountain and the top of the mountain is 22.8 degrees, which in turn breeds the ecological series with vertical zonal distribution. There are three-dimensional distribution of Alpine frozen vegetation zone, alpine meadow and alpine shrub, fir, spruce, conifer, mountain evergreen broad-leaved forest zone, dry and hot valley shrub and grass zone, and many kinds of plants. There are valuable medicinal materials such as cordyceps, fritillaria, Pearl ginseng, Gastrodia elata and snow lotus in the reserve, and famous flowers such as orchids and Wild Peony can be seen everywhere; in the dense primitive forest, there are one kind of protected animals, Yunnan golden monkey and wild donkey; and two kinds of protected animals, snow leopard, original musk deer and musk deer. The natural scenery of the reserve is mainly composed of the main peak of Haba Snow Mountain, high mountain moraine lake, azaleas and snow mountain waterfalls. The main peak of Haba Snow Mountain is frozen with ice all year round. The main peak is tall and proud. Four small peaks surround it. From a distance, they look like a silver crown tripod. With the alternation of seasons and sunshine, snow peaks change unpredictably, sometimes clouds steaming and fog cover, Baoding disappear from time to time; sometimes clouds and mists are vague, rippling in the snow peaks in threads, "white clouds are unintentional, sometimes spitting with snow". At about 4700 meters above sea level, hanging rocks are covered with ice waterfalls, which belong to the southernmost marine glacier in latitude of China. It is said that the exotic peaks, ridges, U-shaped valleys and sheep's back stones are the remnants of ancient glaciers. Ancient ice buckets also melt and accumulate into numerous ice lakes, which are located at about 4100 meters above sea level, especially in the Black Sea. The Black Sea is named for its ink-like color. The lake is deep and mysterious, and the four seasons are different in landscape. The most peculiar thing is that as long as people stand by the lake and whistle, there will be drizzle around the lake, and sometimes even a torrential rain pouring down, soaking people all over. This strange landscape calls for rain and wind, which adds to the mystery of the Black Sea. There are a large number of Snowfish in the Black Sea, commonly known as "doll fish". When the temperature is suitable, the Snowfish converge into a ring, and the black crow surrounds the shallow water near the lake. The situation is very strange.
From the foot of the mountain to the top of the mountain, there are colorful alpine flowers. There are nearly 100 kinds of rhododendrons with different colors, accounting for more than 50% of the total Rhododendron species in Yunnan. There are more than 2000 kinds of plants, such as gentian, primrose, cypress, Wild Peony and sequoia. Haba Snow Mountain is known as the "mother of the world garden" by biologists at home and abroad. Haba Snow Mountain almost concentrates the whole genus of Rhododendron in Northwest Yunnan. Because of the great difference in altitude and the vertical distribution of climate, different kinds of Rhododendron can be seen in different zones and different flowering periods. Especially the Rhododendron trees growing at an altitude of more than 4000 meters are less than one meter tall. Their trunks are thick and twisted. They grow everywhere. Their roots are like cobwebs. Their flowers are huge and beautiful. Some of them are like embroidery balls. They can be called treasures in flowers. Rhododendron breaks through the snow and blooms, and the white snow and red flowers shine in each other, which is the unique Haba Snow Mountain.
In addition to snow mountains, lakes and azaleas, there are many hanging springs and waterfalls in Haba Snow Mountain Scenic Area. Or delicate, threadlike, or surging, loud as thunder. Such as: Jianshan Falls, about 40 meters high, with abundant water flow and magnificent momentum, water falls from the cliff top and turns into drizzle. Sometimes under the sunlight, water mist turns into seven-color rainbow, and the scenery is very wonderful. The Great Drop Waterfall, nearly 200 meters high, is a seasonal waterfall with its source on the snow line. Every April-September, the ice and snow melt. The snow water rushes down the steep cliff to form the beautiful Haba Great Suspending Waterfall. The snow-capped peaks, clouds and mists, flying through the clouds, such as the Tianhe River into the dust, have a "flying down three thousand feet" trend.
Haba Snow Peak is wrapped in plain make-up and wears a green skirt. The lake is deep and mysterious. It is full of fairy spirits. The azaleas are beautiful in color, fragrant and quiet. The waterfalls are flowing with silver waves. The water breaks through the stones. The Longwang Pool is beautiful and quiet. The scenery is intoxicating and lingering. Haba Snow Mountain is of great value and significance not only in multidisciplinary scientific investigation and research, but also in economic development and tourism exploration.